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Farmácia Oliveira
 
 

Pharmacy OLIVEIRA

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Information Leaflets

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Alcohol + drugs + driving

 
Greatly increases the risk of suffering a road accident
 
What does this interaction imply for you? If you take medicines for depression or epilepsy, you have clotting problems or at the level of blood pressure, or if you are taking antibiotics, you are putting your health at risk. You must always check with your doctor or pharmacist. Also avoid driving if you take everything together, because many drugs when being ingested simultaneously with alcohol may lessen our ability to concentrate and reaction, and even induce sleep.

From the moment they are administered in our organism, the drugs run along our body up to the point where their action is desired to produce the therapeutic effect. Most of them suffer metabolization processes, and are finally disposed of at the liver or kidney level. Alcohol also runs through our body and is also metabolised and eliminated by the liver. So when we are taking medication and ingest alcohol, we increase the probability of an interaction because both use the same pathways in our organism. The results can be various.  Read more
 
 
 
 
 
 

Depressions

 
One in every four people worldwide suffer, has suffered or will suffer from depression.
 
 
Depression is a disorder of a psychological nature characterized by prolonged sadness, loss of pleasure or interest in daily activities, sleep disturbances, fatigue or loss of energy, anxiety and restlessness and can even lead to thoughts of death or suicide.
It can affect all ages but is more common in women and can last from a few months to a few years.
If you experience the symptoms listed above for more than two weeks, consult a health care professional so that he can help you to return to a normal, balanced and healthy life as soon as possible.
Treatment of depression requires taking drugs - antidepressants - and / or psychological support. Antidepressants are slow to act, you may not feel changes in the first weeks but should not stop taking them because they usually take 3-4 weeks to take effect. And as a rule, the treatment lasts not less than 4 or 6 months.
After treatment, when the patient no longer has symptoms, begins the ... Read more
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Emergency contraceptive

 
An emergency contraceptive should never be used as a regular contraceptive.
 
Emergency contraception is intended to prevent unwanted pregnancy resulting from unprotected intercourse, either by absence of the use of a contraceptive or any fault of the usual contraceptive.
The morning-after pill is the best known method of emergency contraception, this pill acts on ovulation, delaying it or inhibiting it. However, if it has already occurred fertilization of an egg by a sperm, this pill has no effect.
For effective use, the pill should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected intercourse. Ideally, up to 72 hours, not to mention that the efficacy decreases with time. If vomiting occurs within 3 hours after dosing, one must repeat the same.
Following the use of emergency contraceptive you must continue your regular contraceptive, in the case of the pill it must be enhanced with the use of a barrier method and must be taken until the end of the packing.
Menstruation can arise with some delay or anticipation. If the delay is less than 5 days or if the flow is unusual, you must get medical help.  Read more
 
 
 
 
 
 

Allergies

 
In Europe, allergic diseases are the most common chronic disease in children and its prevalence continues to increase.
 
 
Allergy is part of a group of diseases which arise from an excessive and inappropriate response of the immune system to a foreign substance normally harmless to the body - allergen.
Allergies are divided into three categories depending on the system organism that they affect. Thus it can be respiratory (asthma, rhinitis, hayfever), food (diarrhea, edema, glottic) or skin (eczema, hives). Although they are interrelated because food can trigger a rash.
The major allergens also differentiate into three groups: environmental, such as contact with dust mites, dust, animal hair or fumes; food, such as seafood, eggs, nuts or some milk proteins; and drugs, such as penicillin or acetylsalicylic acid.
Treatment of Allergies as a rule is made by taking antihistamines, immunotherapy for more severe allergic reactions or applications of creams and lotions for dermatological reactions.
As prevention, you must have a airy home and without humidity, ... Read more
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Foot and nail mycosis

 
A treatment initiated quickly avoids the aggravation of mycosis.
 
Mycoses are skin infections caused by fungi, microorganisms that survive on the nails and in the most superficial layer of the skin.
When mycosis appears on the foot, it is called athlete's foot. It is due to the prolonged use of footwear that retains moisture or sometimes because it is contagious, to the fact that we are barefoot in public showers or locker rooms. It usually appears in the space between the toes, causes peeling, itching and bad odor.
When mycosis appears on the nails, it is called onychomycosis. It can appear either in the toenails or hands but it is most common in the feet because they are in higher humidity conditions. Nails are brittle, discolored or yellowish, thicker, dull, deformed and may even fall.
The treatment is long, sometimes exceeding six months until the complete disappearance of the fungus. It is made with antifungal of topical application or oral administration.
To prevent keep both feet, socks and ... Read more
 
 
 
 
 
 

Sun protection

 
It is estimated that in 2014 will be diagnosed more than 11 000 new cases of skin cancer.
 
 
In the summer people tend to be too exposed to the sun to achieve the longed-for suntan. However, the solar rays can be harmful to the skin and may cause burns, stains, allergies, ocular damage, leading to premature aging of the skin and even being the cause of skin cancer.

The risk of cancer is greater the smaller the phototype.
In case of mild sunburn it is advisable to stay a day or two without sunbathing and apply a good moisturizer. Compresses of cold milk or lettuce leaves relieve the burning symptoms.
If there is danger of heat stroke, treatment should be conducted by a doctor. Some symptoms may be dehydration, headache, dizziness, vertigo, vomiting, shortness of breath and increased body temperature.

Cautions for sun exposure:
- Do not expose yourself to the sun between 11:30am and 4:30 pm;
- Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before sun exposure and repeat the application every 2 hours; Read more